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onday, January 12, 2004

The purpose of the Detail is to help keep you informed of the current state of affairs in the latent print community, to provide an avenue to circulate original fingerprint-related articles, and to announce important events as they happen in our field.

Breaking NEWz you can UzE...
compiled by Jon Stimac

Police Identify Female Remains Found in 1986 - SAUK VALLEY NEWSPAPERS, IL - Jan. 10, 2004. ...for 17-years, the Illinois State Police has searched for the identity by checking missing persons reports and conducting computer fingerprint checks...

Revelers to Give Fingerprint ID - EAST ANGLIAN DAILY TIMES, UK - Jan. 8, 2004 ...nightclubbers are getting the James Bond treatment - an ID system scans their fingerprint to establish their identity...

Attorneys Debate Print Evidence - EL PASO TIMES, TX - Jan. 7, 2004 ...suspect was arrested in 2002 after police used new technology to match his fingerprints to prints lifted at the crime scene years ago...

Giving Terrorists the Finger - MSNBC.COM/NEWSWEEK - Jan. 7, 2004 Discussion about the reliability of biometrics technology, privacy concerns and what U.S. travelers can expect when visiting other countries...

Good morning! via the Weekly Detail.

Last week we preserved some additional history of Sir Francis Galton by archiving a quite comprehensive list of references from a recent auction of a family collection of works.  I mentioned at the end of the Detail last week that I had secured several copies of the two main texts that were used for information within that article.  I have sold out of the 8 books I had available, but additional copies are available on the internet and I can get other interested parties in touch with the sellers if desired.

This week, I looked back in my "pending Detail" folder and found a study that makes a link between propensity for heart disease and higher percentages of whorl patterns.  Although this doesn't directly relate to latent print examination, I thought the subject was interesting so I included it as this weeks Detail.

The "Pending" folder is getting low, so if you have material you would like to see appear as a Weekly Detail, please send it on in.  Text should be either Times New Roman or Arial font in Microsoft Word.  Attach supporting photographs to the e-mail as .jpg files, medium compression, approximately 4X4 inches but only 72 ppi.  If you would prefer I deal with image formatting, send 1 Megabyte image files and I will do the rest.

Here is this week's Detail on heart disease...


J Anat. Soc. India 49(2) 153-154 (2000)
Utility Of Finger Prints in Myocardial Infarction Patients

Dhall, U; Rathee, S.K; *Dhall, A; Department of Anatomy & *Medicine, Pt. B.D. Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak. INDIA

Abstract : Dermatoglyphics has been well established as a diagnostic aid in a number of diseases having hereditary basis. Genetics plays an important role in etiology of coronary artery disease, so a study was done on 84 persons of both sexes (42 patients of mycardial infarction & 42 controls) to find out variations in dermatoglyphics of these patients. It is deducted that patients of myocardial infarction have higher incidence of whorls & lower incidence of loops in all the digits.

Keywords : Dermatoglyphics, Myocardial Infarction, Coronary artery disease

Introduction :

Development of dermatoglyphic pattern is under genetic control. This is evident from the clear resemblance of dermatoglyphics among related persons (Schaumann and Alter 1976). Dermatoglyphics as a diagnostic aid is now well established in a number of diseases which have a strong hereditary basis. The etiology of coronary heart disease is believed to be multifactorial with genetics playing an important role. Variations in dermatoglyphics in such patients are, therefore, expected.

Heart diseases are now considered as No. 1 killer in Western countries. Their diagnosis is often difficult due to sparsity of physical signs, specially in rural areas of developing countries where diagnostic facilities are lacking. It is, therefore, all the more important to pay attention to the preventive aspects of the disease. In the present study a preliminary observation was made of the usefulness of finger tip patterns in serving as predictor for myocardial infarction among aged individuals living in Haryana.

Material and Methods :

This study was conducted on 84 persons. Out of these 42 (32 males, 10 females) were confirmed patients of myocardial infarction (M.I.) admitted in Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak (mean age : 51.4±5.19 years). Diagnosis was confirmed by different investigations carried out in this hospital during their hospital stay. The other 42 individuals (34 males, 8 females) forming the control group were randomly selected from the attendents of various patients. They all were above 50 years of age (mean = 52.4±2.45 years) and on interrogation did not have any heart problem or any symptoms related with heart problems. Finger prints of all these cases were taken on white paper by the ‘ink and paper’ method with the help of printer’s ink and analyzed for the pattern types. Percentage of whorls, loops and arches were compared in the two groups.

Results were subjected to statistical analysis using ‘Z’ Test.

Observations :

Table 1 : Comparison of total number of fingerprints between patients and control group.

Type of finger prints



P Value




Not significant









Table-I shows comparison of total number of different types of finger prints in control and M.I. patients. It is observed that the total number of whorls was significantly higher in patients with myocardial infarction as compared to control group (p<0.001) while there was significantly less number of loops in heart patients (p<0.001). No significant differences were seen in the number of arches in the two groups.

Since there were significant differences in total number of loops and whorls in the two groups, these were further compared in individual digit.

Table-2 shows comparison of percentage of whorls and loops in individual digit in two groups. All the digits in patients showed higher percentage of whorls, the difference being significant statistically in right thumb (P < 0.05), right little finger ( P<0.01) and left ring finger (P<0.05). Also all the digits showed lower percentage of loops in heart patients as compared to control group. The difference between two groups was statistically significant in right thumb (P<0.01) and left ring finger (P<0.05). Table 3 shows comparison of different types of finger tip patterns in control & heart patients. Significantly more number of heart patients showed the presence of whorls in one or more fingers as compared to controls (90% vs, 71%; P<0.05). The difference in incidence of loops and arches was not statistically significant.

Table 2 : Comparison of percentage of Whorls and Loops in each digit in two groups.


Right hand





Left hand



























Control Patient P-value

17.6 38.0 <0.05

22.5 31.0 N.S.

15.4 28.5 N.S.

51.3 61.9 N.S.

20.3 29.6 <0.01

11.1 28.5 N.S.

22.5 33.3 N.S.

10.3 19.0 N.S.

37.2 57.1 <0.05

13.9 19.2 N.S.












Control Patient P-value

79.4 50.1 <0.01

60.0 52.4 N.S.

76.9 71.4 N.S.

46.2 33.3 N.S.

70.3 60.7 N.S.

75.0 59.8 N.S.

57.5 54.8 N.S.

76.9 57.1 N.S.

61.5 33.3 <0.05

80.6 67.9 N.S.

N.S. = Not Significant

Table 3 : No. of persons showing different finger tip patterns

Finger tip pattern

Control n=42

Patients n=42

P Value








Not Significant




Not Significant

Discussion :

Rashad and MI (1975) reported significantly higher frequency of true whorls in M.I. patients. Rao (1995) reported that persons who have predominant whorls in finger prints have higher incidence of widespread arterial and venous thrombosis. Bhatt (1996) presented data showing significantly higher incidence of whorls and lower incidence of loops in patients with myocardial infarction. He also reported significant differences in controls and patients in the incidence of whorls and loops in all the individual fingers. Observations of the present study add support to these earlier observations. Such differences were significant only in right thumb, right little finger and left ring finger, where whorls were significantly higher in patients with myocardial infarction. Similarly loops were significantly less in right thumb and left ring finger in heart patients. Further 90% heart patients showed whorls on one or more fingers as compared to 71% controls.

This being a preliminary study, only suggests an increased risk of myocardial infarction in persons having predominance of whorls. Such persons can be identified by this simple and economical technique for having finger prints. These persons may be screened regularly for coronary artery disease as a preventive measure. Further studies are, however, needed to support the idea particularly with detailed analysis of other risks factors and severity of disease which have not been taken into account in the present study. Also more detailed analysis of palmar prints i.e. total ridge count and atd angle may further elaborate their relationship with coronary artery disease.

Summary :

Study was conducted on 84 persons of both sexes. Out of these 42 were confirmed patients of myocardial infarction and other 42 were normal healthy persons. Their finger prints were taken and analysed for pattern type. Study group showed significantly higher incidence of whorls (P<0.001) and lower incidence of loops (P<0.001). Loops and whorls were further compared in individual digits. All the digits in heart patients showed lower incidence of loops and higher incidence of whorls. This simple technique may thus be utilised for screening of high risk patients.

Acknowledgement :

The authors are grateful to Sh. R.K. Sharma, Astrologer and Fisheries Development Officer, Rohtak, Haryana for suggesting the topic and co-operating during the study.

References :

1. Bhatt, S.H. (1996): New sign of myocardial infarction. Medicine Update September: 411-416.
2. Rashad, M.M. and MI, M.P; (1975): Dermatoglyphic traits in patients with cardiovascular disorders. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 42: 281-284.
3. Rao, U.R. (1995): Anticardiolipin antibodies. Medicine Update Apicon 95: 17-19.
4. Schaumann, B. and Alter, M.A.: Dermatoglyphics in medical disorders. Springer, New York. (1976)


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Getting along with your boss

Whether you're working with a new boss or one you've been reporting to for quite a few years, the following suggestions might be helpful:

1) Stop trying to change your boss.  Change your own behavior to get along with the boss.

2) Don't assume that you know your boss's goals.  Make sure you're fully aware of what the boss is trying to accomplish.  If necessary, ask clarifying questions and point out inconsistencies when tasks seem out of line with stated goals.

3) Make sure your priorities are in line with the boss's priorities.  But share your own experience.  If necessary, ask in-house experts to help you make your case.

4) Don't indulge in petty resentments.  Go more than halfway to make the relationship work.

5) Study your boss's personality style and preferences.  Know the best time and the best way to present information to the boss and to get approval for something you want to try.

4) If the boss doesn't accept one of your suggestions, try to look at the decision from the boss's point of view.

-Adapted from
enRoute magazine, via Communication Briefings, September 2003, 800.722.9221,



Changed the date on last week's Detail.  (I guess I got carried away with the new format last week and overlooked the date!  :)

Updated the

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