Breaking NEWz you can UzE...
compiled by Jon Stimac
Reader Does Away With Passwords –
LOS ANGELES, CA - Sept. 9, 2004
...Microsoft Corp.'s new
fingerprint-recognition technology for personal computers...
promises to relieve the drudgery of keeping track of passwords...
Fingerprints on Bottle a Miracle: Papo Murder Accused
SOUTH AFRICA - Sept. 9, 2004
...One of the
men accused of murdering Professor William Papo and his two house
guests said the fact that his fingerprints were found on a soft
drink bottle inside the murder house was a miracle...
in 1974 Baltimore Homicide Caught in Boston –
CA - Sept. 9, 2004 ...A
man wanted for the killing of a civilian police employee in a
dispute over a stolen can of Spam has been arrested, nearly 30 years
after the shooting...
Ponder Print Checks –
SACRAMENTO, CA - Sept 7, 2004
...Two of Sacramento's largest school
districts are grappling with how to handle the background checks of
parent volunteers in an era of tight budgets....
IAI Update, by Joe
2004 St. Louis Conference
The 89th Annual International Educational Conference of the
Association is now history. Recently concluded in St. Louis, the conference
provided an exceptional educational experience for attendees coupled with
informative and entertaining exhibits on the history of fingerprint
identification in the United States. As you know, the conference theme was the
100th Anniversary of the use of fingerprints in criminal
identification, a method first introduced during the 1904 World’s Fair in St.
Louis. It was fitting for the association to return to St. Louis, and in fact,
to the very same park where the 1904 World’s Fair was held. The Wednesday
evening event, the IAI’s Whorl’s Fair was a fabulous event even though Mother
Nature chose to dampen the event with a substantial downpour. More about the
conference in the next JFI.
New Officers and Board Members
Several changes to the Board of Directors occurred during the conference. We
say goodbye to Board Members Dave Ruffino, Herb Pendleton, Ron Da Silva and
Larry Peters and thank them for their tireless work on behalf of the
association. We welcome new Board Members Ken Smith, Richard ‘Kevin’ Lawson,
Vici Inlow and Mike Gaynor as well as John Lazzaretto who was appointed to
complete the term of Bob Garrett. Bob was elected to the position of Fourth
Vice-President. We thank the outgoing board members and officers and wish them
well in their future endeavors and welcome the new members.
ATTN: Division Latent Print Certification Committees
Division Editors and Secretaries, please pass this information on to the Latent
Print Certification Committee – if you have one - in your Division.
As you know, the newest IAI certification program is the Ten Print Certification
Program. Aimed at those individuals who work in the ten print area such as
AFIS, searching and verifying arrest fingerprints against known ten print
information etc., this program aims to credential and increase the quality of
ten print fingerprint work.
The process for approving applicants for that program is similar to the Latent
Print Certification process. As the program gets off the ground however, there
will be applicants whose credentials need to be verified and tests that will
need to be administered. In order to meet this need with minimal additional
work on the part of the divisions, the IAI’s Latent Print Certification Board
gave approval to use, on a temporary basis, the Latent Print Certification
Committees in the Divisions to approve or deny Ten Print Certification
applicants and also to administer tests as needed. In discussion with several
division Latent Print Committees it was felt this was a reasonable way to
proceed. In the future, if there are a great number of applicants for Ten Print
Certification, it may be necessary to ask the divisions to create a Ten Print
Certification Committee but, for now, this seemed like a reasonable way to
handle the situation. Of course the division will be compensated with 1/3 the
fees, the same percentage received by the divisions for both the Crime Scene and
Latent Print Programs.
If your division has any difficulty with this plan, please let me know as soon
as possible. This idea was mentioned during the annual Division Secretaries
Breakfast in St. Louis and no one voiced any opposition at that time. Absent
any discussion to the contrary, we will proceed to handle Ten Print applicants
in the above manner.
ATTN: Certification Board Chairs and Secretaries
You may know that the generic certification policies and procedures manual was
approved by the IAI’s Board of Directors in St. Louis. The policies in that
manual are now in effect and need to be followed. There will undoubtedly be a
period of time during this transition when you will need to use common sense
regarding how to manage your boards. Over a period of several months however,
any required changes to bring your boards into compliance with the new manual
will need to be implemented.
As soon as I get a copy of the final manual from Herb Pendleton, I will forward
it to all of you. There were a few minor ‘housekeeping’ changes to be made
The next step will be to begin using the generic application and recertification
application as approved in St. Louis. Continue to use your current forms while
the new form is readied for applicant use. When that is complete, it will be
put on the IAI’s website and copies will be made in printed form as well.
Be sure to keep a written note of anything in the new manual that is
incompatable with how your board does business. Each board had the opportunity
to thoroughly review the new manual but I’m sure some things have slipped
through the cracks and now the document will need to be ‘test driven’ and the
bugs worked out. The Board of Directors is going to have a mid-year meeting,
likely sometime in January, 2005 and will consider any changes to the manual at
that time. A list of suggested changes will be put together for the Board
before that mid-year meeting.
Jennifer Hannaford shared an example of a friction ridge recording with Livescan
that turned a few heads. Jennifer reports excellent feedback and is
collecting samples of strange ridge formations on prints captured by livescan
we look at a recent NIJ solicitation for a new device that can quickly capture
10 rolled fingerprints and/or palm prints. The full text and dates are
Fast Capture Fingerprint/Palm Print Technology
The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) is the research, development, and
evaluation agency of the U.S. Department of Justice. NIJ provides objective,
independent, evidence-based knowledge and tools to enhance the administration of
justice and public safety. The Institute solicits proposals to inform its search
for the knowledge and tools to guide policy and practice. With this
solicitation, NIJ, on behalf of itself; the U.S. Departments of Defense,
Homeland Security, and State; and other Department of Justice agencies,
including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Drug Enforcement
Administration, and the Justice Management Division, is seeking proposals to
improve and advance the current state of technology for the capturing of 10
rolled-equivalent fingerprints and/or palm prints. In the past, Congress has
authorized and required various types of background screenings using Federal
databases in a wide variety of contexts in an attempt to prevent terrorism and
crime. For example, background screening is performed on persons who seek
employment in positions of trust in government or the private sector, persons
who seek or have access to dangerous materials or instrumentalities, and aliens
seeking entry into the country. In certain checked databases, records are
supported by fingerprints in order to positively identify the person to whom the
records pertain. Thus, in screening persons to determine whether they have a
record in these databases, the fingerprints of the person screened must be
captured in order to match the screened person to a record. Such fingerprints
may also yield matches to latent fingerprint impressions collected for criminal justice or national security purposes.
As crime prevention and national security remain a top priority, requirements
for the use of friction ridge detail information for the identification of
latent impressions and for background checks have increased and can be expected
to continue to increase in the future. Yet, both the existing use and the
potential for expanded use of these types of background checks and
identifications are limited by available technology and infrastructure designed
to capture the fingerprint friction ridge detail that enables searches of the
databases. New technology with much greater convenience, speed, reliability,
affordability, and accuracy must quickly be developed to improve our Nation’s ability to meet these screening
II. Proposal Topics
Fingerprints and palm prints are now and, for the foreseeable future, will be
the most relied-upon biometric technology for verifying a person’s identity and
positively linking persons to criminal history and other background check
records. Criminal justice agencies rely on fingerprints and palm prints for
positive identification to latent impressions collected as evidence at crime
scenes and in processing persons through the criminal justice system. In
addition, the National Crime Prevention and Privacy Compact of 1998 established
a general requirement for fingerprints in support of non-criminal justice checks
of the criminal history records in the FBI-maintained
Interstate Identification Index System.
Existing technology provides the ability to collect and transmit fingerprint
and palm print images from persons electronically. Electronic fingerprint and
palm print images allow for the rapid search of prints against extremely large
databases of existing fingerprint- and palm print-based records and latent
impressions recovered from crime scenes. However, current technologies can be
difficult to use and too often produce fingerprints and palm prints of poor
quality. Among the limitations of current technologies are the following:
• The need to have a trained technician grasp and manipulate a person’s
finger or hand (frequently with multiple attempts) to successfully capture the
• Rolled fingerprints and palm prints can only be captured one at a time.
• Small amounts of contamination or excessively dry or moist skin can hamper
or even preclude the capture of an acceptable image.
• Fingerprints and palm prints of some persons with fine or worn friction
ridges cannot be captured.
• Relative slowness, with impressions taking anywhere from 5-10 minutes or
more to capture.
• High acquisition and maintenance costs that significantly limit the
widespread deployment of these technologies.
The goal of this solicitation is to fund the development and demonstration of
technology that will quickly capture 10 rolled-equivalent fingerprints and/or
palm prints; significantly improve the finger and palm print image quality over
current technologies; reduce the failure-to-enroll rate over current
technologies; and be affordable, rugged, portable, relatively unobtrusive in
size, and deployable in the near future. Successful applicants must be able to
produce a working device meeting the requirements of
this solicitation and suitable for independent testing.
Successful applicants must demonstrate an understanding of the problem and
Applicants must propose to develop a working device that will record 10
rolled-equivalent fingerprints or that will record 10 rolled-equivalent
fingerprints and both palm prints. Successful applicants will be required to
make the device they propose to develop available for independent testing at the
end of the award period. The device to be developed must have the following
1. Capture and record the true and accurate friction ridge skin detail of a
person on whom the device is used.
2. Speed of capture: For devices designed to record 10 rolled-equivalent
fingerprints: 15 seconds or less for all 10 fingers. For devices designed to
also fully record palm prints (i.e., the entire palmar friction ridge skin area,
including the extreme sides of the palms and the extreme tips, sides, and lower
joints of the fingers): 1 minute or less for both palms.
3. For devices designed to record 10 rolled-equivalent fingerprints: Meet or
exceed the image specification of the FBI and the National Institute of
Standards and Technology (NIST) (see FBI CJIS Appendix F, EFTS Version 7 and
NIST M1 Standard, respectively), but in no instances less than 500 pixels per
inch (ppi). Note: If the applicant’s proposed technology cannot meet the
requirements stated in Appendix F and M1 because the type of technology proposed
is different than that described in the standards, then the applicant should
describe in detail the reasons and how the proposed technology will capture and
produce true and accurate image quality of
the three levels of friction ridge detail.
4. For devices designed to fully record palm prints: Meet or exceed 1000 ppi
as well as other information noted in the FBI and NIST image specification (FBI
CJIS Appendix F, EFTS Version 7 and NIST M1 Standard, respectively). Note: If
the applicant’s proposed technology cannot meet the requirements stated in
Appendix F and M1 because of the type of technology being proposed, then the
applicant needs to describe in detail the reasons and how the proposed
technology will capture and produce true and accurate image quality of the three
levels of friction ridge detail.
FBI CJIS Appendix F can be found at
NIST M1 Standard can be found at
5. Be designed so as to eliminate sequencing errors.
6. Provide for the ability to identify specific finger position and a
mechanism to handle nonrecordable information (e.g., bandages, worn surfaces,
7. Possess maintenance and calibration requirements that have minimal
operational impact.8. Output information formatted to meet the ANSI/NIST ITL
ANSI/NIST ITL 1-2000 Standard can be found at
Special consideration will be given for devices that can demonstrate one or
more of the following:
Subsequent recordings within 5 seconds for devices designed to record ten
Subsequent recordings within 20 seconds for devices designed to fully record
Ability to capture images without operator manipulation of the hands of the
person whose fingerprints or palm prints is to be captured.
Ease of operation (reducing training complexity and costs).
Immediate feedback to the operator as to the quality of the captured
fingerprints or palm prints (whether a “Go/No-Go” or qualitative assessment).
Ability to withstand outdoor use.
Ability to be used for access control purposes (e.g., unattended operation,
To discuss this Detail, the
message board is always open: (http://www.clpex.com/phpBB/viewforum.php?f=2)
More formal latent print discussions are available at
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